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NHL Status Update – July 2016

In March we submitted a 27 page draft Statement of Significance to the NHL staff in Washington providing voluminous documentation and analysis supporting the unique importance of the Paoli Massacre.  To achieve NHL status a site has to have a national level of significance of “exceptional value and quality in illustrating or interpreting the heritage of the United States.”  We have received verbal notification that our documentation supports being considered for NHL status and we need not to submit further documentation.

Our next task is to edit our draft statement into a very focused statement of significance for consideration by upcoming NHL review boards comprised of outside experts (noted historians and other subject matter experts).  The NHL process calls for two separate Outside Expert review boards.  This is a time-consuming process and our 2-year American Battlefields Protection Program (ABPP) grant officially ends on August 1, 2016.  We therefore requested that our grant period be extended for one year.  ABPP approved the time extension but it does not include any increase in the dollar amount of the grant.  We will continue to wisely manage our expenditures.

What is the exceptional national significance of the Paoli Battlefield Site and Parade Grounds?  British atrocities outraged our young nation’s soldiers and citizens, resulting in the battle being called the Paoli Massacre and creating America’s first battle cry, Remember Paoli.  It started as a call for revenge (acted on during the Battle of Germantown).  But it gained an additional dimension as the Continental Army became a trained fighting force at Valley Forge and Washington successfully attacked the British at Monmouth NJ as they withdrew from Philadelphia.  Remember Paoli became a rallying cry stating that Americans might suffer setbacks but they would persevere and overcome.  The fledgling nation was trying to understand what made it different from their colonial masters.  Our nation was forged in the crucible of war and Remember Paoli served as a catalyst to describe the American warrior, touching deep-seated ideals, shared values and patterns that had defined our national identity along military traditions since the arrival of the earliest settlers. Remember Paoli became a symbol of British barbarity and American resilience.

But one more battle would thrust the Paoli Massacre and its battle cry into our emerging national identity.  A year after the Battle of Monmouth, America’s own Light Infantry unit, under its commander General Anthony Wayne, attacked a strongly defended artillery fort high above the Hudson River at Stony Point.  It was a surprise midnight raid fought with bayonets and no flints in their muskets.  They captured the fort, its cannons and nearly 600 British officers and troops.  Remember Paoli played a passionate role as both a password and an incentive.  There was one major difference from British Major General Charles “No flint” Grey’s attack: no atrocities were committed.  Wayne, though wounded himself in the attack, had given orders to ensure all captured British were treated humanely as lawful prisoners of war.  Wayne had shown foresight and mercy when he could have let his men pursue the enemy to death.  As Benjamin Rush (Founding Father, signer of the Declaration of Independence and Surgeon General of the Continental Army) said to Anthony Wayne:

You have established the national character of our country.  You have taught our enemies that bravery, humanity and magnanimity are the virtues of the Americans.

Remember Paoli became part of our national memory both during the Revolutionary War and far after it ended.  It revealed our character as having the values of Perseverance, Resilience, and Righteousness.  In the 150 years following the battle, the Paoli Massacre and Remember Paoli were as well-known in the U.S. as Remember the Alamo is now.  They became part of the national lexicon and often cited by politicians, newspapers, veterans and patriotic groups throughout the years and all across the continental United States.  It faded from memory in the last century but also became the uniquely American template for future battle cries from the War of 1812 (Remember the Raison), Texas Independence (Remember the Alamo), the Spanish-American War (Remember the Maine), World War One (Remember the Lusitania), World War Two (Remember Pearl Harbor) and the War on Terror (Remember 9-11).

Amending the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP)  in our in-depth research and documentation on the Battle of Paoli and Memorial Grounds, we verified that both the military battle and it’s commemorative aftermath had many more unique features and factors than were recorded in the initial application approved in 1997.  That application was also approved at only a local level of significance and not a state or national level.  This was done for expediency as the 40 acres was up for sale and delay over the level of significance would have been counterproductive.  Now we also realized that if we establish national significance in these other areas it would enhance our chances to become an NHL.  Therefore, we decided to amend the current National Register of Historic Places information.  The National Register is official record of the any historic site in the nation.  Documentation submitted through the ABPP or the NHL augments but does not update the official record.

One other thing we realized (in conjunction with our Chester County Planning Commission partner and the Pennsylvania Museum and Historical Commission’s Historic Preservation Office: PHMC-HPO) is that the entire Philadelphia Campaign of 1777-1778 had not been identified as a nationally significant event, even though many places involved in that Campaign (Brandywine, Germantown, Valley Forges, etc.) are NHL’s.  There is a specific process in the National Park Service to create a geographically large historical area, called a thematic or historical context area.  It would be advantageous for our research and amendment to our NRHP record to establish the Philadelphia Campaign’s national significance.  This task would normally be the subject of a separate and time-consuming grant request but funding is limited.  We went back to the ABPP and got their enthusiastic approval to expand our research and reporting.  All NRHP applications and amendments must first gain state approval so PHMC assigned one of its 3 reviewers to help expedite our amendment request including our Philadelphia Campaign segment.

Our current timeline should allow PHMC review and recommendation in time for the next NHL Review Board.  This would finally remove the “local significance” stigma as well as confirm the national level of significance in several categories.  We are on-track with our NRHP documentation and, using the same editorial techniques being used to perfect our NHL submission, we should have professional level submissions within our projected time frames.



Bruce Knapp remembers learning about the Revolutionary War Battle of Paoli in his seventh-grade classroom in the San Francisco area.

Years after he moved to Chester County as an adult, he joined a group that had successfully raised money to save the Paoli Battlefield, a pristine piece of Main Line property, from developers in the 1990s.

Now, the retired federal investigator is leading the charge to get the National Park Service to recognize the site for what the community believes it is: a national historic landmark.

“To me, this is unfinished business that started over 200 years ago,” said Knapp, 68, president of the Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund.

 In March, supporters submitted an application to the landmark committee. They should hear in July whether they can proceed with their bid.

If all goes to plan, in January 2017, the secretary of the interior could decide the Paoli Battlefield deserves that highest honor for a historic site.

That would be just in time for the planned opening of the Museum of the American Revolution in Philadelphia. Paoli Battlefield’s elite status would make Malvern Borough an attractive stop for any visiting history buff.

The nation has about 2,500 historic landmarks: George Washington’s Mount Vernon plantation; the birthplace of John Adams; Edgar Allan Poe’s house in Philadelphia.

The Paoli Battlefield stands in the shadows of Brandywine Battlefield Park and Valley Forge National Historical Park.

Supporters of the Paoli Battlefield believe their site should be right up there with them.

The battlefield is already on the National Register of Historic Places. It got there through the persistent efforts of historians, government officials, and local residents.

Knapp began his work with the battlefield by volunteering and leading Boy Scouts in projects to clean and enhance the site. Now, he could talk for hours about its significance.

The National Park Service at one time called the Battle of Paoli just a skirmish, Knapp said.

But historians say the battle was a necessary step in the British campaign to take the fledgling country’s capital of Philadelphia.

On the night of Sept. 20, 1777, British soldiers used bayonets to attack American soldiers at their encampment. The British defeated the Americans in a bloody battle called the Paoli Massacre that left dozens of Americans dead and more than 150 wounded.

“Remember Paoli!” was used as a rallying cry at later battles.

The Battle of Paoli has fascinated historian Thomas McGuire since he was a 12-year-old reading books about the Revolutionary War for fun. Now, 58, he teaches social studies at Malvern Preparatory School, which used to own the battlefield.

When he visited the site as a Malvern Prep student, the cornfield looked just like the painting he had seen of the battle.

The memorial that veterans erected in 1817 – one of the oldest Revolutionary War memorials – is still there, with inscriptions describing how 53 American soldiers lost their lives on the field.

“We became a country because of what they did and the stand they took,” McGuire said.

Pat McGuigan, Malvern’s former borough manager and one of the founders of the Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund, said the community had supported the battlefield from the beginning, from the children who collected donations to save the land in a “Pennies for Paoli” campaign to the people working now toward landmark status.

McGuigan, 81, said he looked forward to the day when the National Park Service names Paoli Battlefield a national historic landmark.

“We will have a holiday,” he said.


We have made progress since announcing that we had received a grant from the ABPP (American Battlefield Protection Program) in 2014.  We have been busy with filling out a lot of government forms and RFP’s to line up our consultants for the goal of becoming a National Historic Landmark in 2017.  Below you will find our timeline for each of the 10 steps listed below.  Please check our site regularly as we will keep this page updated on our latest status.


Phase I           Grant Application to National Park Service- Target Date: Jan 2014 (Completed)

Phase II         Grant Approved by American Battlefields Protection Program- Target Date: July 2014(Completed)

Phase III         Training, Work Plan, Consultant RFP’s & Selection – Target Date:  Feb 2015 (Completed)

Phase IV         Our Letter of Inquiry approved to proceed by NHL – Target Date:  July 2015

Phase V          Research and Documentation for NHL  – Target Date: Nov 2015

  1. Complete Documentation & Verification of 2010 ABPP Grant
  2. Complete Documentation, Archeological Assessment of Related Sites
  3. Complete Documentation of Post Rev War Significance
  4. Submit NHL Nomination for Review

Phase VI         NHL Review Process – Target Date:  Winter 2015

Phase VII        NHL Staff Review & Possible Modifications – Target Date:  Jan 2016

Phase VIII     Presentation to Landmark Committee in Washington DC – Target Date: Spring 2016

Phase IX        Final Version of NHL Nomination sent to Dept. of Interior – Target Date: Fall 2016

Phase X         Final Decision by Secretary of the Interior – Target Date: Jan 2017


Please remember that we still need your help to fund supporting activities that will make are nomination more successful to the Interior Department.

Help us in this once in a lifetime opportunity!!

We are a registered 501C(3) and all donations are tax deductible to the fullest extent of the law. To make a donation, click on the link on the top left part of the screen under Please Donate.

Related & Supporting Efforts for NHL Recognition

  1. Battlefield Preservation Fund grant application to the National Trust for Historic Preservation for archaeological field surveys at Battle of Paoli & related sites. These studies will enhance the knowledge of the Battle and consideration as part of the National Historic Landmark nomination.

Donations and sponsorships for matching funds ARE NEEDED!

  1. PA Educational Improvement Tax Credit are being set up to develop extra-curriculum programs in K-12 schools to participate in living history, field visits and participation in preservation and research activities related to the Battle of Paoli, the Revolutionary War, Veterans and our national heritage.

Businesses are encouraged to contact PBPF – Contributions to this program can be used as tax credits rather than just charitable donations.

Paoli Battlefield Heritage Day Announced

The Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund has announced today that the annual Military Timeline and Veterans Ceremony has now been renamed Paoli Battlefield Heritage Day.  The date for this event is now set as Saturday, September 19, 2015 at the Paoli Battlefield in Malvern PA.  More information about this event will be posted in the upcoming dates.

The reason for the name change is simple, we offer so much more in addition to the timeline and Veteran’s Ceremony.  We have crafters, suttlers, historical sites, authors, kids games, photo booth, food, and demonstrations through the day.  If you would like to be included in this event, please contact us by clicking on the icon “Contact Us” on the right hand side of this page.

Paranormal Tour Dates Announced for 2015

The Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund in association with Tri-County Paranormal, is proud to announce that the following dates in 2015 have been selected for the Paranormal Tours of the Paoli Battlefield in Malvern, PA.

  • Saturday, May 9th from 6:00pm to 10:00pm
  • Saturday, October 3rd from 6:00pm to 10:00pm

The cost is $45 per person. We will accept cash and checks the night  of the event, but all credit or debit cards must use the pay pal link in order to gain admission (please click on the link above to register)

This is a private tour and the Paoli Battlefield Historical Park will be CLOSED during the tour to all visitors.

We have discovered over the years many different “hot spots” of activity located along the trail and in other areas around the battlefield of the 9th deadliest battle of the Revolutionary War.

This battle was a midnight bayonet and sword attack only by the British as they swept across the camp of Anthony Wayne in three waves that sent his continental troops off in a panic.  Many witness describe the attack and atrocities committed there by the British.

“I with my own Eyes, see them, cut & hack some of our poor Men to pieces after they had fallen in their hands and scarcely shew the least Mercy to any…”

Lt. Col. Adam Hubley, 10th PA Regiment

“…more than a dozen soldiers had with fixed bayonets formed a cordon round him, and that everyone of them in sport had indulged their brutal ferocity by stabbing him in different parts of his body and limbs … a physician … examining him there was found … 46 distinct bayonet wounds…”

William Hutchinson, Pennsylvania Militiaman

“The Enemy last Night at twelve o’clock attacked … Our Men just raised from Sleep, moved disorderly — Confusion followed … The Carnage was very great … this is a bloody Month.”

Col. Thomas Hartley, 1st PA Regiment

“The Annals of the Age Cannot Produce such another Scene of Butchery…”

Maj. Samuel Hay, 7th PA Regiment

52 soldiers from this battle are buried in a mass grave and there is one that is buried somewhere else in the battlefield.  Wayne’s troops were so incensed at the British atrocities that the coined one of our nations first battle cry “Remember Paoli”.

We invite you to take photographs and bring other equipment to the battlefield for this tour and we encourage you to share your photos or recordings with Laurie as she will use them in her presentation on February 8th, 2016 at the General Warren Inne.




September 20th Event a Success!!

From all of us on the all volunteer Board of Directors of the Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund, we would like to thank everyone who turned our for a great day at our Military Timeline and Veteran’s Ceremony on Saturday, September 20th.    We’d also like to thank all of the Organizations, Sponsors, Businesses, Craftspeople, Borough Officials, Volunteers, State Representatives, and Re-enactors involved with making our September 20th event a success.  We look forward to planning our event for next year on Saturday, September 19th, 2015 and hope to see you there!!

If anyone would like to help us in planning, promoting, participating or sponsoring our event next year, please contact us at

Below are some of the photos along with links to some of our sponsors, participants, vendors, and craftspeople:


Borough of Malvern

Historic Military Impressions

Bruce Mowday

Colonial Pennsylvania Plantation

Historic Sugartown

Christian C. Sanderson Museum

Valley Forge Black Pots

The Mill at Anselma

Saving Hallowed Ground

Hale Brynes House

Michael Harris

Malvern Historical Commission

State Representative Duane Milne

Peoples Light and Theater Company

Chadds Ford Historical Society

Cafe Bonu

Bell’s Dioramas in History

Honest 1 Auto Care

Kohlerman’s Pharmacy

Beams School of Music

Ink Spot Printing and Design

Giant Foods – Frazer

Wegmans – Malvern

An Evening with his Excellency General George Washington

General George Washington talks to everyone young and old at the Terrace during our outdoor summer lecture at the General Warren Inne

We’d like to thank General  George Washington “aka Carl Closs” for his inspirational lecture and informative talk on the life and many surprising facts about the father of our country.  We’d also like to thank everyone who took time out of the busy summer schedule to dine under the terrace or on the stone patio and help support the Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund. The crowd was terrific and we are going to look at including an outdoor summer program in our lecture series next year.  We also appreciate the management and staff at the General Warren Inne for helping us put together this midsummer evening presentation which everyone enjoyed.  One last thank you to Zeyn Uzman who helped sponsor this lecture and made this whole special summer event possible.



American Battlefields Protection Program (ABPP) grant APPROVED!!

The National Park Service’s American Battlefields Protection Program (ABPP) just awarded PBPF a grant of $58,500 to continue the documentation and research on the Battle of Paoli.  This is the second grant approved to study the battle in the past 4 years.  The first grant, awarded to Chester County in cooperation with PBPF, established the boundaries of the battle (it turns out it involved over 5 municipalities) and the scope (it wasnot a skirmish but a battle involving nearly 4,000 of the best troops in the British and Continental armies).  This new grant will further validate the earlier findings and focus on new research, both historical and archaeological, to establish the impact of this brief but bloody battle to the rest of the Revolutionary War (including the battle cry Remember Paoli& the Battle of Stony Point) as well as the significance of the battle and its commemoration to the America, including its monuments and parades held from 1817.  These steps are vital as a basis for potential future recognition as a National Historic Landmark.
The next steps in the grant process are a training session in Washington, DC for grant reporting, identification of consultants, community involvement and public outreach & education. Sean Moir, well-known for his leadership in a number of earlier ABPP grants as well as his nationally recognized animated battle maps using GPS technology, is the project director for this grant.
There has never been anything easy about the Battle of Paoli, from the actual conflict to today’s endeavors to understand the history and significance that a single night’s combat can have on both individuals and nations.  We often hear the phrase that “everything is local”.  It is so very true of this battle and this site.
Many of the Americans who fought and died with the Pennsylvania Line that night were local, including Wayne himself whose nearby home was raided.  The farmers who buried the dead in the mass grave were local.  The Paoli Memorial Association, who protected the gravesite and the monuments since 1896 were all local people.  The preservation of the 43 acres arose from the patriotic stance of the Malvern Preparatory School who decided to take less than full market value of the land if money could be raised to preserve it.  Believe it or not, there was a major battle to even get the property onto the National Register of Historic Places in the 1990’s fought by local preservationists and Chester County.  To get the full funding after PBPF had raised over $1.25 million, a campaign was started to secure federal funding.  It was accomplished through the work of local citizens, including elementary school students who raised Pennies for Paoli, and local politicians.  The result was a bi-partisan unanimous vote by the US Congress & Senate for the Pennsylvania Battlefields Act that funded both the rest of the Battle of Paoli needs as well as nearly $10 million to buy conservation easements for the Brandywine Battlefield.  It was local when the citizens and taxpayers of Malvern Borough agreed to take ownership of the land in order for the federal funds to be received – protecting an historical resource for the entire nation.
Then, with the protection of this land, the ABPP dropped the site from its endangered sites category, basically eliminating the chance for future grants, let alone possible National Historic Landmark designation.  It was the local communities and businesses, including both non-profits and professional preservation and archaeological groups, that helped get enough evidence to have the current ABPP grants.  The support by local, state and federal elected officials for these grants has been very rewarding and appreciated.  The battle for recognition continues with this grant.  In the meantime, 65 acres of open space has been open to the public and commemorative events, which started in 1817 continue to this day.
Thank you to all involved in the past and a forward thank you to all those who will come to the Battlefield and attend the events that honor those founding citizen soldiers who put action to their beliefs that inspire and guide us to this day.
Bruce Knapp
President, PBPF



Paoli Battlefield included on Malvern’s Town Tours and Village Walk Progam

Information on the Malvern Tour:

SPONSORS: Malvern Historical Commission & Paoli Battlefield Preservation Fund

PARKING: First Baptist Church of Malvern, 146 Channing Avenue and overflow parking at St. Patrick’s Catholic Church, 104 Channing Avenue. Handicap and library parking only in the Borough Hall lot.

TROLLEY RESERVATIONS RECOMMENDED: Trolley Tours will depart every 20 minutes from the Borough Hall beginning at 4:30. Please call 610-644-2602 to reserve  your trolley time. Waits without reservation could exceed one hour. Extensive development of a small village in the northern part of Willistown Township in the 1880’s led to its residents desire to separate from the township and govern themselves.

On a warm summer day in 1889, the Borough of Malvern was officially incorporated on August 13th. Come ride a trolley through the streets of Malvern Borough, returning you 125 years in the past to learn what the town was like at its incorporation. Hear about businesses and community organizations that have roots older than the Borough. See buildings that were built more than 125 years ago and learn about the Battle of Paoli and the efforts to maintain the memorial grounds. Following the tour, stop in to visit the History Center to view artifacts and talk with members of the Malvern Historical Commission

About the Town Tour Village Walk Program

The Chester County Board of Commissioners through the Chester County Planning Commission, the Chester County Historical Society, Westtown Township, the Chester County Historic Preservation Network, and the Chester County Conference and Visitors Bureau announce the 20th summer of sharing Chester County’s heritage during the annual “Town Tours and Village Walks.”

Town Tours and Village Walks is a series of free summer strolls through historic neighborhoods, hamlets, villages and sites. This summer, you can explore Chester County’s heritage on Thursday evenings, June 12 – August 21. Tours begin at 5:30 pm and generally last one hour. The last tour leaves at 7:00 pm unless daylight allows for additional tours. Each tour is sponsored and designed by our municipal historical commissions and organizations to inform, entertain and increase awareness of Chester County’s rich heritage and historic landscape. A number of our sites offer a good selection of restaurants and shops to enjoy after your tour.

This summer, you will tour the southwest quadrant of West Chester’s Historic District, East Pikeland’s historic bridges, the Battle of the Clouds at Historic Yellow Springs, the history of the Phoenix Iron Company, the historic villages of Birchrunville, Fricks Locks, Romansville, and Nantmeal Village and the historic districts of Malvern and Oxford Borough. Historic fare tastings, special living history presentations, and three brand new tour sites are all features of this summer’s program.

Last year, over 2,000 Chester County citizens and visitors enthusiastically endorsed the assortment of historic evening walking tours! The program is endorsed by Preservation Pennsylvania and the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission.

Important: For everyone who has enjoyed past tours, we remind you there will be no preregistration after the first tour in West Chester. The one exception is tour #8, Malvern Borough. Also, please remember for popular tours there can be a wait of up to 15 minutes.

Weather Updates: For rescheduled tours visit this website or contact Karen Marshall, Heritage Preservation Coordinator, at 610-344-6923 orkmarshall@chesco.orgFor weather and other updates, see the specific tour. Weather updates will be posted after 3pm.

Thursdays aren’t the only day to be outside enjoying Chester County’s unique landscape. Check out our Guide to Local Farm Products in Chester Countywhich offers many ideas for exploring the countryside.



The Battle of Paoli is the 9th Deadliest Battle of the American Revolutionary War

Xavier della Gatta’s Battle of Paoli painting (1782). Source: American Revolution Center Collection

The Battle of Paoli is the 9th deadliest battle in the American Revolutionary War. In fact there are three battles mentioned here that make up the Philadelphia Campaign of 1777.

One of the most comprehensive sources of casualty figures is Howard Peckham’s The Toll of Independence (The University of Chicago Press, 1974). Despite its age and shortage of British totals, historians still often point to this volume for American loss data.

Based on records for 1,331 military and 218 naval engagements, Peckham concludes that 7,174 were killed and 8,241 were wounded during the eight-year war.

Beyond these summaries, Peckham’s book is loaded with figures that would make any statistician drool and, of course, many historians debate.  With such a resource at my fingertips, I thought it would be interesting to list the Revolutionary War’s 25 deadliest battles, looking at engagements both on land and at sea. After all, the Revolutionary War is second only to the Civil War in deaths relative to population. This list is based exclusively on Peckham’s figures of Americans killed and wounded, which are totaled in (parentheses) and sorted in order of most killed and wounded to least. Then, for perspective, I included British killed and wounded totals from multiple sources, which are in {braces} and cited to their respective sources.

Based on Peckham’s casualty figures:

  • Camden comprises nearly 37 percent of all the Americans killed and wounded during military engagements in 1780.
  • Bunker Hill comprises 54 percent of all the Americans killed and wounded during military engagements in 1775.
  • Germantown and Brandywine, combined, account for 35 percent of all Americans killed and wounded during military engagements in 1777.

Interestingly, the 25 deadliest battles total 7,696 Americans killed and wounded, which accounts for 50 percent of all Americans killed and wounded during the entire eight-year war (using Peckham’s Americans killed/wounded war total of 15,415). That means that the other 50 percent, or 7,719 Americans, were killed and wounded during the remaining 1,524 military and naval engagements! So, the Revolutionary War’s 80-20 rule was closer to a 50-2 rule with nearly 50% of the American killed and wounded casualties occurring in 1.6 percent of the military and naval engagements.

Of course, this is all based on a numbers game and new casualty sources are regularly added and subtracted. As Peckham summarized, “If we cannot offer the final word on casualties of the American Revolution, we hope that we can at least elevate the discussion of those losses by the addition of figures that have heretofore been unknown or unavailable.”

EDITOR NOTE: To focus on the “deadliest battles,” casualties were limited to killed and wounded, but missing and captured could increase the totals or raise additional questions. As demonstrated in the introduction, war casualty figures during the Revolutionary War were often used as propaganda. Casualty data continues to be disputed and debated today. As such, we welcome all arguments against Peckham’s American casualty numbers to unfold in the comments below.

[FEATURED IMAGE AT TOP: Xavier della Gatta’s Battle of Paoli painting (1782). Source: American Revolution Center Collection]

Read the full article here

We will be at Representative Duane Milne’s Kidsfest on Saturday, June 21st

Join us at Representative Duane Milne’s Kidsfest on Saturday, June 21st.  Stop by our table as we will have books, hats, and information to pass out to everyone.  All donations are tax deductible and help is in promoting, protecting, and educating the public about this pristine Revolutionary War Battlefield right in your own backyard.

A Revolutionary Lecture Series

Monday, May 12, 2014

Thomas McGuire presents
“Now prepare thyself, Pennsylvania”

We are pleased to announce that our friend Thomas McGuire has agreed to take the May speaker slot.  Tom’s presentation is called “Now prepare thyself, Pennsylvania!” a series of lesser-known episodes of the Revolution which happened outside the Valley Forge encampment. They mostly center in Chester County and many of them involve the Lancaster Road September 1777-Spring 1778.

“Now prepare thyself, Pennsylvania!”, the title, comes from Rev. Henry Muhlenberg, who wrote it after hearing of the defeat at Brandywine, “Now prepare thyself, Pennsylvania, to meet the Lord thy God!” Scrounge around the county with British, Hessian, and Continental foraging parties; patrol the Lancaster Road with Col. Daniel Morgan and Captain Johann Ewald, and experience how they connected; share the grief of Gen. Nathanael Greene, who told Washington in February, “Like Pharaoh, I harden my heart,” while foraging to feed a desperate army; engage in spying with local patriots and loyalists; learn where Captain Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee fended off a 200-strong British dragoon force, using only eight men and his wits; share the tragedy of Rev. William Currie, Anthony Wayne’s pastor at St. David’s, who lost his family during the Valley Forge encampment. Reserve your spot now!

 Posted by at 1:39 am

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